Ubuchopho lilungu lomzimba elisenza, nezinye izilwanyana, make sense of the world. It gets input from sense organs, and changes behaviour in response to this information. In humans, the brain also controls our use of language, and is capable of abstract thought.[1] The brain is the control centre of the whole body.[2] The brain is made up of a special type of cells. They are connected with each other and with the nerves in our body. In all animals the delicate brain is protected in some way. In ourselves, and all vertebrates, it is protected by the bones of the skull.


The brain does the thinking, learning, and feeling for the body. For humans, it is the source of consciousness.[3] The brain also controls basic autonomic body actions, like breathing, digestion, heartbeat, that happen automatically. These activities, and much else, are governed by unconscious functions of the brain and nervous system. All the information about the world gathered by our senses is sent through nerves into the brain, allowing us to see, hear, smell, taste and feel things. The brain processes this information, and we experience it as pictures, sounds, and so on. The brain also uses nerves to tell the body what to do, for example by telling muscles to move or our heart to beat faster.


  1. Calvin, William H. [1996] 1998. How brains think: evolving intelligence, then & now. Phoenix, London. ISBN 0-75380-200-7
  2. Encyclopedia of discovery: science. Weldon Owen, 2001, 30Template:Ndash31. ISBN 174089l3298
  3. We do not know whether other mammals have consciousness.